Gardening generally involves cultivation of plants in or around the home and can be quite an exciting experience not only because of the extra fresh vegetables you are able to get but you also get a place to exercise as you keep your garden tidy and free of weeds. It is also one way of allowing fresh air to circulate within the home. Many people, especially beginners desire to carry out gardening but lack the necessary tips that they can use for successful gardening. The following gardening tips for new beginners will help you make good use of the available space in your backyard for successful gardening.
The ideal location for a garden is the place where full Sun is available or the shade stays for a part of the day. Also, the land should be levelled so as to avoid washing away of soil and the site should not be near trees because their roots can invade the garden. Please note that a flower garden is meant to be a display garden whereas a vegetable garden may be established out of the sight.
Adequate drainage system is very much necessary for the proper growth of plants. Otherwise, sedges and rushes can be seen instead of grass and typical field weeds. If you continuously observe puddles formed by water even when the rain has stopped, the drainage tiles should be laid in a trench 1 foot or so beneath the surface of the soil before laying out the garden. The appropriate place to dig the trench would be in a gradual incline from the garden area to some lower-lying part of the yard. Also, you need to lay the perforated plastic pipe in the trench with lateral feeder lines that are 3 meters apart and extends throughout the area of the garden.
The proper fertility of soil is well indicated by the abundant and vigorous growth of the vegetation. There is a variety of soils with different properties and textures ranging from place to place. Whereas sandy soil consists of large sized sand particles, while clays consist of microscopically small particles. The sandy soil is poor in fertility and holding moisture but clayey soil holds moisture and nutrients well. While the former drains very quickly but the latter absorb water slowly. The soils that lie between these two kinds are composed of intermediate particles or slit.
The best soil for plants is loamy soil that exhibits a balance of components liberally buffed with organic residues. This organic component not only makes the soil easy to handle but also tillable soon after a rain and loose and crumbly to work.
In case your garden does not have good loam, you can fulfill the deficiency of organic materials in the form of compost, manures, peat, processed sewerage, tank age and vegetable wastes. This can not only improve the structure of soil, but also makes tilling easier and soil more water receptive.
The traditional way to improve the fertility of soil was addition of manure in the field that not only adds nutrients but also improve the texture of soil with its organic content. But these days, manure is hard to get, expensive and carry weed seeds. So, the alternative of manure can vary from weed-free compost, lawn clippings, purchased peat, or other “clean” organic materials and supplementing them with chemical fertilizers.
pH of the soil plays an important part in the growth of plants indicating that whether the soil is acidic, neutral or alkaline. Although you can take your soil sample to laboratory for testing pH but you may also test it at home with some inexpensive kits.
Some plants like azalea family prefer acidic soil with pH less than 7 while some prefer alkaline soil with pH more than 7. You can make an acidic soil alkaline by adding ground limestone while addition of gypsum and sulphur in alkaline soil can make it acidic. But the addition should be done in adequate quantity.
In order to prevent the growth of weeds and help the soil to retain moisture, a process that came into being is mulching. A mulch (inert blanketing material) is applied to the surface of soil. The advantage is that the mulch keeps the soil cooler in summer and warmer in winter. Also, a mulched garden does not require frequent watering. Keeping the plants trailing along the ground free from soil splash, mulch also prevents rotting of the fruit in contact with the soil.
Gardening process require various equipments for different purposes such as loosening soil, keeping down weeds, tilling, chopping old vegetation, watering, fertilizer or pesticide spreading etc.
Different plant seeds need to be sowed in different patterns according to the required spacing. Also, their storage needs a great care. While some seeds can be stored for a longer period but some others can be stored just for a short time.
The main purpose behind the cultivation of crops is to fight the growth of weeds, which compete with the crop for light, nutrients and water. Also, cultivation helps in loosening the soil which allows rain water soak into it. If your garden is mulched well to keep down weeds, much cultivation is not required.
An ideal gardener needs to understand the need of plants, such that neither the plants dry out nor water-logging occurs. The requirement of water varies from plant to plant, soil to soil and climate to climate. It is advised to water the plants generously but infrequently.